Short-term dietary nitrate supplementation augments cutaneous vasodilatation and reduces mean arterial pressure in healthy humans
Jeremy T. Keen a, Erica L. Levitt a, Gary J. Hodges c, Brett J. Wong
a b s t r a c t Nitrate supplementation in the form of beetroot juice has been shown to increase nitric oxide (NO)where nitrate can be reduced to nitrite and, subsequently, to NO through both nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent and -independent pathways. We tested the hypothesis that nitrate supplementation would augment the NO component of the cutaneous vasodilatation to local skin heating in young, healthy humans. Participants reported to the lab for pre- and post-supplement local heating protocols. Nitrate supplementation consisted of one shot (70 ml) of beetroot juice (0.45 g nitrate; 5mM) for three days. Six participants were equipped with two micro dialysis fibers on the ventral forearm and randomly assigned to lactated Ringer’s (control) or continuous infusion of 20mM L-NAME (NOS inhibitor). The control site was subsequently perfused with L-NAME once a plateau in skin blood flow was achieved to quantify NOS-dependent cutaneous vasodilatation. Skin blood flow via laser-Doppler flowmetry (LDF) and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were measured; cutaneous vascular conductance (CVC) was calculated as LDF/MAP and normalized to %CVCmax. Beetroot juice reduced MAP (Pre: 90 ± 1 mm Hg vs.Post: 83 ± 1 mm Hg) and DBP (Pre: 74 ± 2 mm Hg vs. Post: 62 ± 3 mm Hg) (P b 0.05). The plateau phase of the local heating response at control sites was augmented post-beetroot juice (91 ± 5%CVCmax) compared to pre-beetroot juice (79 ± 2%CVCmax) (P b 0.05). There was no difference in the %NOS-dependent vasodilatation from pre- to post-beetroot juice. These data suggest that nitrate supplementation via beetroot juice can reduce MAP and DBP as well as augment NOS-independent vasodilatation to local heating in the cutaneous vasculature of healthy humans.
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